Saturday, May 23, 2020
Informative Speech Com-150.04 (rough outline #2) I. Introduction: A. Attention Getter- Your memory is a monster; you forget- it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t. It simply files things away. It keeps things for you, or hides things from you and summons them to your recall with a will of its own. You think you have a memory but it has you! (John Irving) B. Purpose Ã¢â¬â After hearing my speech the audience will be able to define and explain memory loss or dementia in adults. Why? : This is important because we all have a memory that could be affected by memory loss. C. Preview (PowerPoint) 1. What is memory loss or dementia? 2. Types? 3. Causes? 4. Disorders? 5. Treatments? II. Discussion: A. What is memory lossÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Memory loss and other intellectual abilities serious enough to interfere with their daily life. Accounts for 50 to 80% of dementia cases. 3. Amnesia- deflicit in memory caused by brain damage, disease or psychological trauma. 4. Brain Injury- severe hit to the head from a fall or automobile accident for example, it can gradually improve over time. 5. Dementia-progressive loss of memory and other aspects of thinking that are severe enough to interfere with the ability to function in daily activities. Characterized by progressive loss of brain cells and other irregularities of the brain. 6. Hyperthymestic Syndrome- condition in which an individual posses a superior autobiographical memory. Meaning he or she can recall the vast majority of personal experiences and events in his or her life. 7. HuntingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease-a neurodegenerative genetic disorder that affects muscle coordination and leads to cognitive decline and psychiatric problems typically becomes noticeable in mid-adult life. 8. ParkingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease- a progressive disorder of the nervous system that affects your movement. Most well- known sign of ParkingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease the disorder also commonly causes stiffness or slowing of movement. 9. Wernicke- Korsakoff syndrome- due to brain damage caused by a lack of vitamin B1. Lack of B1 is common in people with alcoholism. Common personÃ¢â¬â¢s whose bodies donÃ¢â¬â¢t absorb food properly such as sometimes occurs after obesityShow MoreRelatedTraumatic Effects Of Traumatic Brain Injury1278 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesexperience having blurred vision tired eyes, and fatigue. Even stressors prior to having an injury can contribute to the result of post injury. A person will experience a change in their sleep patterns, behavioral or mood changes, and trouble with their memory, concentration, attention, or thinking when they have Traumatic Brain Injury. Traumatic Brain Injuries can conclude to changes to individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ behavioral, social, and emotional status. Diagnosis In Traumatic Brain Injury, there are levels of damageRead MoreThe Effects Of Sleep Loss And Short Term Recognition Memory847 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction Allen. J, Elkin and D.J. Murray prove in Ã¢â¬Å"The Effects of Sleep Loss and Short-term Recognition MemoryÃ¢â¬ that sleep deprived individuals become less aware or conscious of the material presented to them. This evaluation will show that though the author makes some good use of statistical findings, he doesn t cover all aspects in this article. Summary Allen. J, Elkin and D.J. Murray systematically lists the studies and opinions of others who agree with them and does not discuss opposingRead MoreEffects Of Episodic Memory768 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEpisodic memory has been found to be consistently impaired in AD, thus may be a reliable measure to distinguish between dementia and healthy ageing (Salmon Bondi 2010). The RAVLT requires patients to learn a wordlist which is then recalled immediately, recalled after a delay, and lastly, a recognition test (EstÃ ©vez-GonzÃ ¡lez et al. 2003). Although limited recall is observed in both dementia patients and healthy adults, healthy adults demonstrate significantly improved performance in the recognitionRead MoreWhy Is insomnia on the Rise? Essay1056 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescould be a cause or result of insomnia making the impact worse. A personal issue experienced by insomnia is that the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s memory becomes weaker .This will result in more mistakes being made resulting in p ossible job loss and further negative consequences. Another reason why sleep in a very important factor of ones life is that; as well as having a deteriorating memory, ones concentration is also lost which results in further impacts on ones lifestyle. A health related issue is that a patientRead More Chemistry by Graham Swift, Snowdrops by Leslie Norris, and finally1404 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHe uses the boat to symbolise the bond, and when the boat sinks, the bond is broken. We see things as the boy saw it, recall the boyÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts and emotions of how he felt towards his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s lover Ralph. Ã¢â¬ËSnowdropsÃ¢â¬â¢ is from another boyÃ¢â¬â¢s memory, where it outlines two different worlds, the adult world, and the child world. The boy is excited by the thought of seeing snowdrops that his teacher Miss Webster was taking them to see. He is excited of seeing the flowers as he believes theyRead MoreThe Reason I Chose Alzheimer s Disease1617 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfrustrated, weepy and/or angry. She has severe anxiety when she is around a lot of people and becomes scared and usually insists on going home. Communication is becoming more and more difficult for her because she cannot recall words and her short-term memory is failing fast. She can no longer prepare meals or cook, she cannot read or write and she struggles with the physical limitations of aging, including diabetes, glaucoma, extremely poor eyesight, bad knees, walking, etc. She has Ã¢â¬Å"oddÃ¢â¬ habits nowRead MoreThe Theory Of Language Acquisition Essay1410 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesregular forms and relies on pattern-associating memory for the irregular forms (Pinker 123). Therefore, when people use an irregular form, they must have previously heard that form or a similar form and have retrieved it from their memory. When they use a regular form, they donÃ¢â¬â¢t need to access memory at all. Experiments reveal that when people use irregular verb-forms, they Ã¢â¬Å"blockÃ¢â¬ the innate rule-making part of language and instead rely on their memory of similar words to form the proper past-tenseRead MoreEvaluate Two Models or Theories of One Cognitive Process with Reference to Research Studies.1237 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescognitive process of Memory are the Multi Store Memory Model and the Reconstructive Memory theory. I will be discussing the strengths and limitations of the model and the theory as well as including a few research studies to support my argument. The Multi Store Memory Model (MSMM) was founded by Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) and was one of the first models on the structure of memory. It shows that something you remember begins as environmental stimuli and is then passed on as sensory memory. If the personRead MoreTypes of Dementia1550 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDEMENTIAÃ¢â¬â¢S Dementia is a vague term used to describe a person that has loss of memory and change in behavior and activities. It goes beyond the forgetfulness and absent minded. It is commonly used In reference to the elderly, when cognitive abilities start to slip from oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own control. Dementia cannot be diagnosed due to memory loss alone. It must be accompanied by two or more interruptions of brain function. Individuals who suffer from a disease that causes dementia undergo a number of changesRead MoreGenetics, Brain Structure and Behavior1552 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesaround them. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is a brain disorder that progressively damages and destroys brain cells. The deposits that are considered responsible for the brain damages are called plaques, and tangles. The plagues that cause the brain damage cause loss of connections in synaptic behavior. This causes the individual with the disorder to not process information normally, and can cause irritability, aggressiveness, and mood swings due to frustration (Bremer, Ross, Shaw, Towery, 2012). One of the causes
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease, disability, and death in the United States. According to the 2014 Surgeon GeneralÃ¢â¬â¢s Report, cigarette smoking and secondhand smoking exposure contribute to more than 480,000 premature deaths annually in the United States. Smoking use is associated with different types of cancer, cardiovascular disease, strokes, diabetes, respiratory diseases, and reproductive disorders. Moreover, cigarette smoking can cause inflammation and impair the immune system (United States Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS), 2017). Smoking during pregnancy is associated with a higher risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm birth, fetal growth restriction, placental abruption, certain congenitalÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Approximately one-third of individuals who have ever attempted smoking become daily smokers.8 Tobacco dependence is a chronic condition and the majority of users make multiple attempts at quitting before achieving successful smoking cessation.3 In 2011, 7 in 10 (68.9%) adult smokers wanted to stop smoking and 4 in 10 (42.7%) made a quit attempt during the past year.10 An estimated 6.2 percent of current adult smokers had recently quit, 48.3 percent had been advised by a health care professional to quit smoking, and 31.7 percent had used medications and/or counseling when they made their quit attempt.19 Those who attempt to quit without pharmacologic aid have a high relapse rate which can be as high as 95% within a year from the attempt.8 Early withdrawal symptoms, past experiences with nicotine, confidence in the ability to quit smoking, severity of tobacco dependence, educational status, andShow MoreRelatedThe Effects of Smoking Bans on Victims of Exposure to Second Hand Smoke800 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesconsider themselves non-smokers, especially young children and pregnant w omen. SHS is estimated to contribute to heart attacks in nonsmokers and causes nearly 53,800 deaths in the United States alone on an annual basis.1 According to the United States Surgeon GeneralÃ¢â¬â¢s report from 2010, tobacco use remains the single largest preventable cause of death and disease in this country, causing approximately 443,000 adult deaths from smoking-related illnesses each year.2 Additionally, smoking has been estimatedRead MoreThe Public Health Crisis in America1062 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesUnited States has reached a critical point that demands action. Chronic conditions such as heart disease, cancer, stroke, respiratory diseases and diabetes are the leading causes of disability and premature death in America. While chronic diseases are among the most common and costly health problems, they are also preventable. Three health-damaging behaviors at the center of the issue are tobacco use, lack of physical activity and poor eating habits. Public health campaigns aimed at these behaviorsRead MoreOral Health Promotion For Health1508 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfocusing on reducing tobacco use or on smoking cessation in the past year (Beall, 2011, p.15). The baseline is 10.5 percent of adults have received information from the dentist or dental hygienist focusing on reducing tobacco use or on smoking cessation in the past year, 2011Ã¢â¬â12 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population) with a target of 13.2 percent (Beall, 2011, p.15) Tobacco use can lead to a wide array of diseases that are not isolated to only the lungs. Tobacco use can lead to cancersRead MoreCigarettes Should be Illegal Essay812 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescurrently the leading cause of death in our country, due to its harmful and addicting contents, such as nicotine and tobacco. Although millions die from it each year, smoking is the single most preventable cause of death as well. Without smoking, a tremendous amount of money and lives will be saved. I think that our c ountry should ban smoking and the production of cigarettes in order to maintain a healthier nation, help save the environment, and prevent the almost 1000 deaths that they cause in firesRead MoreNot All Companies Are Viewed as Equal605 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesis a vast difference between the cigarette commercials of the 1980s and the anti-tobacco Truth ads of today. We were sold a lie, and now many have paid the price with their health and their life. Should it be the responsibility of the tobacco industry to care for these people who have life threating illnesses caused by their products? Should they also handle the burial of the individuals who die as a result of tobacco usage? In this industry, someone has to look out of the consumers that are not lookingRead MoreWhat Is A Community Strategic Plan1307 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHealth Promotion and Disease Prevention July 30, 2017 West Coast University In the community assessment of San Fernando valley part, A, it was mentioned that there are many chronic illnesses such as heart disease, asthma, diabetes and obesity that are caused by poor health management, high cost of healthcare and inadequate knowledge of the disease. One factor that could cause these chronic diseases is the Tobacco usage among adults. According to Centers for Diseases Control and PreventionRead MoreIntroduction. Tobacco Use Throughout The United States1254 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Introduction Tobacco use throughout the United States has become an epidemic, not only among adults, but among adolescents as well. People do not realize the effects of tobacco or the consequence of using tobacco among the youth and adolescents. What are the leading factors of adolescents using tobacco? Do peers and parents have an influence on tobacco use among adolescents? Throughout this paper I will discuss the effects of tobacco use, the statistics of tobacco use among adolescents, and otherRead MoreSmoking and the Effects on the Heart Essay1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSurgeon General has called it the leading preventable cause of disease and deaths in the United States. Smoking is among the top preventable risk factors of heart disease amongst many other health problems. Coronary heart disease and strokes are the primary types of cardiovascular disease caused by smoking. They rank as the first and third leading causes of death in the United States. More than 61 million Americans suffer fro m some form of cardiovascular disease. Smoking increases your risk forRead MoreThe Effects Of Tobacco Smoking On The Australian Community753 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction In Australia, tobacco smoking is one of the main leading causes of death and disability.1 Smoking is also one of the single major preventable conditions and is the main causes of disease burden in comparison to other major risk factors.1,2 Use of tobacco voluntarily or involuntary (passive smoking) has been associated with various chronic, life threatening and debilitating conditions such as heart disease, reduced lung function, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema.1-3Read MoreThe Dangers Of Tobacco And Smoking1584 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesupsides to smoking are never discussed. Tobacco and smoking were not always used how they are today. Back around 600 to 900 A.D. many cultures grew tobacco and Native Americans would smoke and use it within religious ceremonies and for medical uses (History of Tobacco). Toward the middle of the 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s started to smoke tobacco occasionally either from a pipe or a cigarette; not like people smoke today was very occasional stated in the History of Tobacco. The first main stream production of
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Treaty of Paris Signed by the United States and Spain, December 10, 1898The United States of America and Her Majesty the Queen Regent of Spain, in the name of her august son Don Alfonso XIII, desiring to end the state of war now existing between the two countries, have for that purpose appointed as plenipotentiaries: The President of the United States, William R. Day, Cushman K. Davis, William P. We will write a custom essay sample on The Treaty of Paris or any similar topic only for you Order Now Frye, George Gray, and Whitelaw Reid, citizens of the United States; And Her Majesty the Queen Regent of Spain, Don Eugenio Montero Rios, president of the senate, Don Buenaventura de Abarzuza, senator of the Kingdom and ex-minister of the Crown; Don Jose de Garnica, deputy of the Cortes and associate justice of the supreme court; Don Wenceslao Ramirez de Villa-Urrutia, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at Brussels, and Don Rafael Cerero, general of division; Who, having assembled in Paris, and having exchanged their full powers, which were found to be in due and proper form, have, after discussion of the matters before them, agreed up on the following articles: Article I. Spain relinquishes all claim of sovereignty over and title to Cuba. And as the island is, upon its evacuation by Spain, to be occupied by the United States, the United States will, so long as such occupation shall last, assume and discharge the obligations that may under international law result from the fact of its occupation, for the protection of life and property. Article II. Spain cedes to the United States the island of Porto Rico and other islands now under Spanish sovereignty in the West Indies, and the island of Guam in the Marianas or Ladrones. Article III. Spain cedes to the United States the archipelago known as the Philippine Islands, and comprehending the islands lying within the following line: A line running from west to east along or near the twentieth parallel of north latitude, and through the middle of the navigable channel of Bachi, from the one hundred and eighteenth (118th) to the one hundred and twenty-seventh (127th) degree meridian of longitude east of Greenwich, thence along the one hundred and twenty seventh (127th) degree meridian of longitude east of Greenwich to the parallel of four degrees and forty five minutes (4 [degree symbol] 45Ã¢â¬ ²]) north latitude, thence along the parallel of four degrees and forty five minutes (4 [degree symbol] 45Ã¢â¬ ²) north latitude to its intersection with the meridian of longitude one hundred and nineteen degrees and thirty five minutes (119 [degree symbol] 35Ã¢â¬ ²) east of Greenwich, thence along the meridian of longitude one hundred nd nineteen degrees and thirty five minutes (119 [degree symbol] 35Ã¢â¬ ²) east of Greenwich to the parallel of latitude seven degrees and forty minutes (7 [degree symbol] 40Ã¢â¬ ²) north, thence along the parallel of latitude of seven degrees and forty minutes (7 [degree symbol] 40Ã¢â¬ ²) north to its intersection with the one hundred and sixteenth (116th) degree meridian of longitude east of Greenwich, thence by a direct line to the intersection of the tenth (10th) degree parallel of north latitude with the one hundred and eighteenth (118th) degree meridian of longitude east of Greenwich, and thence along the one hundred and eighteenth (118th) degree meridian of longitude east of Greenwich to the point of beginning. The United States will pay to Spain the sum of twenty million dollars ($20,000,000) within three months after the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty. Article IV. The United States will, for the term of ten years from the date of the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty, admit Spanish ships and merchandise to the ports of the Philippine Islands on the same terms as ships and merchandise of the United States. Article VThe United States will, upon the signature of the present treaty, send back to Spain, at its own cost, the Spanish soldiers taken as prisoners of war on the capture of Manila by the American forces. The arms of the soldiers in question shall be restored to them. Spain will, upon the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty, proceed to evacuate the Philippines, as well as the island of Guam, on terms similar to those agreed upon by the Commissioners appointed to arrange for the evacuation of Porto Rico and other islands in the West Indies, under the Protocol of August 12, 1898, which is to continue in force till its provisions are completely executed. The time within which the evacuation of the Philippine Islands and Guam shall be completed shall be fixed by the two Governments. Stands of colors, uncaptured war vessels, small arms, guns of all calibres, with their carriages and accessories, powder, ammunition, livestock, and materials and supplies of all kinds, belonging to the land and naval forces of Spain in the Philippines and Guam, remain the property of Spain. Pieces of heavy ordnance, exclusive of field artillery, in the fortifications and coast defences, shall remain in their emplacements for the term of six months, to be reckoned from the exchange of ratifications of the treaty; and the United States may, in the meantime, purchase such material from Spain, if a satisfactory agreement between the two Governments on the subject shall be reached. Article VISpain will, upon the signature of the present treaty, release all prisoners of war, and all persons detained or imprisoned for political offences, in connection with the insurrections in Cuba and the Philippines and the war with the United States. Reciprocally, the United States will release all persons made prisoners of war by the American forces, and will undertake to obtain the release of all Spanish prisoners in the hands of the insurgents in Cuba and the Philippines. The Government of the United States will at its own cost return to Spain and the Government of Spain will at its own cost return to the United States, Cuba, Porto Rico, and the Philippines, according to the situation of their respective homes, prisoners released or caused to be released by them, respectively, under this article. Article VII. The United States and Spain mutually relinquish all claims for indemnity, national and individual, of every kind, of either Government, or of its citizens or subjects, against the other Government, that may have arisen since the beginning of the late insurrection in Cuba and prior to the exchange of ratifications of the present treaty, including all claims for indemnity for the cost of the war. The United States will adjudicate and settle the claims of its citizens against Spain relinquished in this article. Article VIII. In conformity with the provisions of Articles I, II, and III of this treaty, Spain relinquishes in Cuba, and cedes in Porto Rico and other islands in the West Indies, in the island of Guam, and in the Philippine Archipelago, all the buildings, wharves, barracks, forts, structures, public highways and other immovable property which, in conformity with law, belong to the public domain, and as such belong to the Crown of Spain. And it is hereby declared that the relinquishment or cession, as the case may be, to which the preceding paragraph refers, can not in any respect impair the property or rights which by law belong to the peaceful possession of property of all kinds, of provinces, municipalities, public or private establishments, ecclesiastical or civic bodies, or any other associations having legal capacity to acquire and possess property in the aforesaid territories renounced or ceded, or of private individuals, of whatsoever nationality such individuals may be. The aforesaid relinquishment or cession, as the case may be, includes all documents exclusively referring to the sovereignty relinquished or ceded that may exist in the archives of the Peninsula. Where any document in such archives only in part relates to said sovereignty, a copy of such part will be furnished whenever it shall be requested. Like rules shall be reciprocally observed in favor of Spain in respect of documents in the archives of the islands above referred to. In the aforesaid relinquishment or cession, as the case may be, are also included such rights as the Crown of Spain and its authorities possess in respect of the official archives and records, executive as well as judicial, in the islands above referred to, which relate to said islands or the rights and property of their inhabitants. Such archives and records shall be carefully preserved, and private persons shall without distinction have the right to require, in accordance with law, authenticated copies of the contracts, wills and other instruments forming part of notorial protocols or files, or which may be contained in the executive or judicial archives, be the latter in Spain or in the islands aforesaid. Article IX. Spanish subjects, natives of the Peninsula, residing in the territory over which Spain by the present treaty relinquishes or cedes her sovereignty, may remain in such territory or may remove therefrom, retaining in either event all their rights of property, including the right to sell or dispose of such property or of its proceeds; and they shall also have the right to carry on their industry, commerce and professions, being subject in respect thereof to such laws as are applicable to other foreigners. In case they remain in the territory they may preserve their allegiance to the Crown of Spain by making, before a court of record, within a year from the date of the exchange of ratifications of this treaty, a declaration of their decision to preserve such allegiance; in default of which declaration they shall be held to have renounced it and to have adopted the nationality of the territory in which they may reside. The civil rights and political status of the native inhabitants of the territories hereby ceded to the United States shall be determined by the Congress. Article X. The inhabitants of the territories over which Spain relinquishes or cedes her sovereignty shall be secured in the free exercise of their religion. Article XI. The Spaniards residing in the territories over which Spain by this treaty cedes or relinquishes her sovereignty shall be subject in matters civil as well as criminal to the jurisdiction of the courts of the country wherein they reside, pursuant to the ordinary laws governing the same; and they shall have the right to appear before such courts, and to ursue the same course as citizens of the country to which the courts belong. Article XII. Judicial proceedings pending at the time of the exchange of ratifications of this treaty in the territories over which Spain relinquishes or cedes her sovereignty shall be determined according to the following rules: 1. Judgments r endered either in civil suits between private individuals, or in criminal matters, before the date mentioned, and with respect to which there is no recourse or right of review under the Spanish law, shall be deemed to be final, and shall be executed in due form by competent authority in the territory within which such judgments should be carried out. 2. Civil suits between private individuals which may on the date mentioned be undetermined shall be prosecuted to judgment before the court in which they may then be pending or in the court that may be substituted therefor. 3. Criminal actions pending on the date mentioned before the Supreme Court of Spain against citizens of the territory which by this treaty ceases to be Spanish shall continue under its jurisdiction until final judgment; but, such judgment having been rendered, the execution thereof shall be committed to the competent authority of the place in which the case arose. Article XIII. The rights of property secured by copyrights and patents acquired by Spaniards in the Island of Cuba and in Porto Rico, the Philippines and other ceded territories, at the time of the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty, shall continue to be respected. Spanish scientific, literary and artistic works, not subversive of public order in the territories in question, shall continue to be admitted free of duty into such territories, for the period of ten years, to be reckoned from the date of the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty. Article XIV. Spain will have the power to establish consular officers in the ports and places of the territories, the sovereignty over which has been either relinquished or ceded by the present treaty. Article XV. The Government of each country will, for the term of ten years, accord to the merchant vessels of the other country the same treatment in respect of all port charges, including entrance and clearance dues, light dues, and tonnage duties, as it accords to its own merchant vessels, not engaged in the coastwise trade. Article XVI. It is understood that any obligations assumed in this treaty by the United States with respect to Cuba are limited to the time of its occupancy thereof; but it will upon termination of such occupancy, advise any Government established in the island to assume the same obligations. Article XVII. The present treaty shall be ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by Her Majesty the Queen Regent of Spain; and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington within six months from the date hereof, or earlier if possible. In faith whereof, we, the respective Plenipotentiaries, have signed this treaty and have hereunto affixed our seals. Done in duplicate at Paris, the tenth day of December, in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-eight. [Seal] William R. Day[Seal] Cushman K. Davis[Seal] William P. Frye[Seal] Geo. Gray[Seal] Whitelaw Reid[Seal] Eugenio Montero Rios[Seal] B. de Abarzuza[Seal] J. de Garnica[Seal] W. R. de Villa Urrutia[Seal] Rafael CereroDocument courtesy of The Avalon Project Source: A Treaty of Peace Between the United States and Spain, U. S. Congress, 55th Cong. , 3d sess. , Senate Doc. No. 62, Part 1 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1899), 5-11. | Source: Ã¢â¬Å"Firstworldwar. com. Ã¢â¬ First World War. com. N. p. , n. d. Web. 22 Jan. 2013. http://www. pbs. org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/primary/treatyofparis. html How to cite The Treaty of Paris, Papers
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Discuss about theImportance of Business Communication in Work Place. Answer: Business communication is the way to sharing the information regarding business between people of the organization. It is important to have effective communication skill in the business because it makes easy to understand the message. Effective communication in business contributes the sustainable success of its commercial. Communication skill must in the business and it can be various forms such as writing skill, listening skill, verbal skill, team work skill, interpersonal skill, and presentation skill, selling skill and networking skill. To make effective communication in workplace, there are various ways like communication via training, open meeting, one on one, presentations and use of visual source (Spaho, 2011). Communication in workplace is very important because it allows organization to be more productive towards performing the task. Employees of the organization can enhance their productivity and morale if they are able to communicate with up and down management. The importance of communication in workplace consider as a wind which is necessary for life same with organization. Without effective communication, organization would be failed to reflect its progress and for potential growth. It is the source which helps to manager to perform their duties and responsibilities with enthusiasm. Effective communication in workplace can be the successful building block. Importance of communication can be summarized in various ways. It enhances the productivity of the work place and focuses on the motivation through clarifying about the task. It is considered as a source of knowledge and information which facilitates to the employee for the process of decision making. Communication has the ability to transform the attitude of an individual. Organizations newspaper, magazines meetings can change the attitude of employee towards performing the task and way of view regarding company. To being social communication plays a crucial role. It not only control the behavior of an individual in business but also able to assess in entire control process. Business has some policies and structures which is necessary to follow for running the business efficiently. Communication facilitates employee to communicate in case of any conflicts and misunderstanding. Importance of communication in workplace is very important because it does not only put efforts for potential growth of company but also focuses on the development of employee by providing proper understanding. Communication skill can reduce the possible harm within the organization and enhances the skill of team work. Team work brings closer team member and make task with full of fun and interesting. During working on a team it is important to make assure that communication should be done between members of team. To remove the obstacles and conflicts from the organization, manager of the organization must analyze the barriers of the communication and find solution to remove it as soon as possible. It is the primary responsibility of manager. It is not possible to have perfect communication every time but problems can be managed hastily. Every person should have known about the involvement in the task. Importance of communication comes in scenario when people of office not only share the goals of the company but also share the clear understanding about the task. Workplace communication can make the employee satisfied. It has been analyzed that group communication conducts to an improvement of performance. Workplace communication has positive effect on absenteeism also. Employee of the company feels secure if they get true information from their superiors. It has been examined that company with having an efficient communication keep the ability to retain the employee. Open communication in the workplace can reduce the possible conflicts. Conflicts and misunderstanding in the organization can be easily resolved by mutual discussion and this attitude leads the organization to the path of growth. Effective communication can be the biggest issue of failure or success of the organization. Every organization has vision, mission and goals. Clear communication brings the clarity about the performing task and being clear about the task enhance the productivity of the employee because employee gets know that what he need to done and what expectations a re required to accomplish the task. They will be able to give their best towards performing the task. Open communication can form the health relationship between employees and employer. It force to employee for being loyal to the organization. It makes the health and positive environment at workplace and promotes the good working relationship within the organization (Husain, 2013). Due to miscommunication, organization could have to face circumstances of conflicts and crisis which may organization to unnecessary late deliver project. Proper utilization of resources could not be done with improper communication and overall performance gets influenced. Thus, effective communications is must to proper use of resources and enhance the productivity of them. There are so many barriers which may affect the communication of organization. It can be environmental barrier and personal barriers. Environmental barriers are miscommunication, lack of time, inadequate attention, managerial philosophy and poor relationship. These all may influence the working environment of the company. Personal barriers can be lack of empathy, insensitivity and over emotional. It is important for the business to remove barriers as soon as possible and provide better solution so that working environment cannot get impacted due to these barriers (Lunenburg, 2010). There are so many steps and resolution available which will be helpful to overcome these barriers. Environmental barriers can be reduced if attentive attitude is being accepted by receiver and sender. Through reducing links such as hierarchical system can be the source of overcome on environmental barrier. Personal barriers can be reduced by understanding the beliefs and values of others (Adu-Oppong Agyin -Birikorang, 2014). Communication effectiveness can be improved if administrator of the company focuses on clarification before communicating. It is necessary to focus on purpose of communication. Communication should be precise. To serve the specific goal and information, the tone of administrator should be well mannered. While communicating, administrator needs to be mind full not only important messages but also for the minor content. The responsibility of administrator does not end till providing the information it is need to take follow up their communication with employees. Their actions need to be matched with communication so that clear understanding can be appeared by actions as well. While it is difficult to maintain and establish the high level of communication in workplace but with the help of principles of communication, environment can be changed. Senders responsibility is not enough for proper communication, receivers responsibilities in the term of effective communication are keeping you rself as the others point of view , go easy on criticism and do not argue. When administrator is unable to make the environment positive it creates the negative environment which reduce the productivity of the workplace (Lunenburg, 2010). It has been concluded that communication skills can change the business environment and increase the productivity of the work place. It has been explained that effective communication can be able to generate the clear understanding among employees. Concise communication reduces the possibilities of conflicts and with the help of mutual discussion issues and conflicts can be resolved. Communication keeps importance in the workplace because every administrative activity involves direct or indirect communication. Effective communication skills have the capability to improve the ability of administrator for becoming leader. It is important for the administrator to create the environment where in plans, issues, views, ideas and conflicts are discussed and managed in an efficient and perfection manner. Various barriers regarding communication have been discussed. Resolutions for overcoming barriers also have been elaborated. In the end it has been observed that the importance of communicat ion is very high in the business because directly or indirectly it makes clear understanding towards performing task. References Adu-Oppong, A. A. Agyin-Birikorang, E. (2014).communication in the workplace: guidelines for improving effectiveness. G.J.C.M.P.,Vol.3 (5):208-213 ISSN: 2319 7285. Husain, Z. (2013). Effective communication brings successful organizational change. The Business Management Review, Vol.3 Number-2, January 2013. Lunenburg, F. C. (2010). Communication: The Process, Barriers, and Improving Effectiveness. Schooling Volume 1, No. 1. Spaho, K. (2011). Organizational communication as an important factor of company success: case study of bosnia and Herzegovina. Business Intelligence Journal - July, 2011 Vol.4 No.2.
Sunday, March 22, 2020
Domestic violence is greatly on the rise and is one of the leading causes of homelessness among women in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. A poor economic background, combined with unsafe shelters, lack of help from communities and long waiting lists to get into temporary housing, all leaves a victim of domestic violence much more vulnerable to homelessness. A woman with no education is more likely to become dependent on her partner; creating an unequal power relationship. The victim may feel she has no voice because she is not bringing money into the house and if she does decide to leave there is nowhere to go because of her lack of resources. Poverty limits a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s choices and it makes it harder to escape a violent relationship. Finding a minimum wage job at Wal-Mart or JCPenny would be her only option for employment, and that job would never allow her to make enough money to support herself and her children. We will write a custom essay sample on Homelessness and Domestic Violence or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page She becomes easily trapped in her frightening existence and is forced to stay with her abuser because of lack of money. She has no control and when she does try to exert some independence the violence escalates and she is forced to back down. When a victim of abuse finally does run, life on the streets and in shelters may increase her vulnerability to new abusive relationships. Most shelters require a person to enter early in the evening and stay all night until the morning. A woman could find herself surrounded by unscrupulous people because shelters are full of alcoholics, drug addicts and criminals. A victim of domestic violence can become easy prey to predators; that use shelters as hunting grounds for the weak and unprotected. Most workers in the shelters are not trained to deal with violence; and if she is in current danger some shelters may not even take her in; believing her abuser could stalk her and come to the shelter and create problems for others; making her a victim all over again. When children are involved, this makes it particularly hard for a woman to leave. No mother wants to leave her children unprotected; with no roof over their head and no warm bed to sleep in at night. Standing in line every night outside a shelter; just waiting for a bed, is too awful to contemplate. If the victimÃ¢â¬â¢s children are pre- teen males, they would not even be allowed to come into the shelter with her. Her young son would be forced to sleep on the streets because the menÃ¢â¬â¢s shelter wonÃ¢â¬â¢t take him in; therefore the mother and her children would most likely end up literally sleeping outside or in a vehicle. This is the very thing her abuser will hold over her head; if she leaves she will be out on the streets unprotected and helpless, with nowhere to go and no one to help her. Homeless shelters need to have programs that provide education and resources to help victims get back on their feet; maybe hiring domestic violence experts; who can provide supportive services for women plagued by abuse and poverty. Even if victims of abuse are provided with housing, they are unlikely to stay away from the abuser and remain off the streets, unless they have access to continued treatment and services. In addition to housing, there should be more programs that offer services such as physical health care, education and employment opportunities, peer support, and daily living and money management skills training. These services would be crucial to abuse victims, giving them the confidence they need, and to prevent homelessness in the future. Experiencing the loss of a home as well as the trauma of a violent relationship; compounded further by uncertainty; waiting for the possibility of housing, all weigh heavily on a victim if they choose to leave an abuser. Counseling is very important if the victim ever wants to begin a life again. A person can never truly heal when their life is all about survival; meeting basic life needs like food, shelter and finding a safe place for her children to sleep. Getting help form a mental health provider may take second place in her mind; therefore a homeless shelter should automatically provide these health services. Living a successful life should not be out of anyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s reach, especially if communities started more programs to help victims of domestic violence. Domestic violence, when perpetrated by someone that the victim loved and relied upon at one time, is the worst kind of abuse to suffer. Too often the only choice a victim may have is homelessness, and no mother should have to choose between being beaten and being able to feed and provide shelter for her children. The only way to prevent homelessness among domestic violence victims is through education; helping victims get out of poverty and being more self-sufficient; having quality community outreach programs that teach life skills. Homelessness is a very undesirable condition, both for the people it affects and for society in general. The many negative effects of homelessness increase the longer a person continues living on the streets, including more health problems from living in filthy shelters or in ars and other places not meant for habitation. Only when public funders stop being reluctant to invest in homelessness prevention strategies, will the weak members of our society have a real chance at living a productive life. It is the duty of everyone in communities to help those less fortunate than themselves, especially if those individuals are victims of the crime of domestic violence. When all members of a society are healthy, happy and productive, only then will homelessness be greatl y reduced.
Thursday, March 5, 2020
Everyday Use By Alice Walker Essays - Everyday Use, Quilting, Quilt Everyday Use By Alice Walker Through contrasting family members and views in Everyday Use, Alice Walker illustrates the importance of understanding our present life in relation to the traditions of our own people and culture. Using careful descriptions and attitudes, Walker demonstrates which factors contribute to the values of ones heritage and culture; she illustrates that these are represented not by the possession of objects or mere appearances, but by ones lifestyle and attitude. In Everyday Use Walker personifies the different sides of culture and heritage in the characters of Dee and the mother (the narrator). Dee can be seen to represent a materialistic, complex, and modern way of life where culture and heritage are to be valued only for their trendy-ness and aesthetic appeal. Mother on the other hand, represents a simple content way of life where culture and heritage are valued for both its usefulness as well as its personal significance. The story clearly endorses Mamas simple, unsophisticated view of heritage, and shows disdain for Dees materialistic connection to her heritage. This is demonstrated from the outset of the short story, we learn very quickly that the mother (narrator) has inherited many customs and traditions from her ancestors. She describes herself as a large big-boned woman with rough man-working hands (485). She also describes here various abilities including, I can kill and clean a hog as mercilessly as a manI can work outside all day, breaking ice to get water for washing. I can eat pork liver cooked over the open fire minutes after it comes steaming from the hog. One winter I knocked a bull calf straight in the brain between the eyes with a sledgehammer and had the meat hung up to chill by nightfall. (485) While these feats are not extraordinary, Walker exemplifies what Mother has learned from her ancestors, and that being resilient and tough is a part of her heritage. Mother is very proud of her abilities and accomplishments. Mrs. Johnson, the mother, describes Dee as light skinned with nice hair and a full figure (486). She recounts Dees childhood and her appreciation of nice things. She was not the least upset when the family home burned to the ground while she was just a girl, Why dont you do a dance around the ashes? Id wanted to ask her. She had hated the house that much. (486) Dees character in the story is a direct relation to any number of people in society that do not know or are confused about their heritage. She is struggling to create an identity for herself, and is confused as to what it encompasses. She grasps at African tradition and culture, yet fails to acknowledge her own African American culture. This happened all over America, particularly in the North, in the 1960s, following the civil rights movement. Dee is misconstruing her heritage as material goods, as opposed to her ancestors habits and way of life. This may be due in part to her leaving her hometown and becoming an educated, sophisticated young woman. Dees direct heritage is that of African Americans. When Dee informs her mother and Maggie she has changed her name she states, I couldnt stand it anymore, being named after the people that oppress me. (488) Dees mother is quick to point out that Dee is in fact named after her aunt, who was named after her grandmother. While Dee may not be an African name it is based on ancestors, tradition, and the heritage of the Johnson family. Dee discards this name in favor of an African name, Wangero, that, although is African, is not directly related to her heritage. It has not been passed down through generations, nor does it symbolize anything directly related to her family. The contradiction of culture and heritage becomes more evident as the quilts are introduced into the story. While the Johnsons sit down to lunch, Dee begins to admire the butter churn and the dasher. Although she has a brief recollection of Uncle Buddy whittling the churn, she is much more interested in the churn top as a centerpiece for her alcove table. Following lunch Dee re-discovers the quilts. The quilts were composed of an eclectic array of material including,
Tuesday, February 18, 2020
Consider these arguments in terms of culture, motivation, and strategy, and comment on their substance. You should also reflect - Essay Example The paper also seeks to reflect on how power is exercised in organisations in relation to moral values. The paper begins by explaining the concept of culture in view of the arguments raised by Stiglitz. The paper will also critically analyse how motivation of the people as well as the strategy implemented have a bearing in the way financial institutions are operating during the contemporary period in USA in particular. Culture is the most basic cause of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s wants and behaviours. Ã¢â¬Å"This is commonly referred to as a set of basic values, perceptions, wants behaviours learned by a member of society from the family and other important institutions,Ã¢â¬ (Kotler & Armstrong, 2004). For instance, the following values are given priority in the United States of America: achievement and success, activity and involvement, efficiency and practicality, progress, material comfort, individualism, freedom as well as humanitarianism. The success or failure of a given organisation can be attributed to this concept of culture. However, Stiglitz argues that individualism and market fundamentalism have eroded the sense of community and have led to exploitation of the ordinary people. ... In actual fact, the approach taken by the banks is that which advocates the survival of the fittest. Whilst the free market concept posits to the effect that the market forces should shape the standards expectations especially of financial institutions, it can be argued that the conditions set are favourable to the business organisations which leaves the ordinary people exposed to manipulation by these big businesses. The aspect of materialism has increased dramatically in the operations of financial institutions and this has posed a serious challenge to the ordinary people who end being victims especially during turbulent periods that can be attributed to the strategies implemented by the financial institutions. Whereas marketers in the other industries worry about the impact of culture on their strategies, financial institutions in USA are primarily concerned with entrenching the aspect of individualism in their operations (Kotler & Armstrong, 2004). Stiglitz argues that rugged ind ividualism combined with a high degree of materialism has led to loss of trust among the members of the society and different financial institutions. The aspect of culture and moral values can also be attributed to the concept of ethics. Business ethics loosely refers to values, principles and standards that operate within a particular organisation which attempts to make a distinction between something that is morally good from bad (Rossouw, 2004). The concept of business ethics therefore derives from the value system that is used by a particular organisation to shape its operations. To reinforce this assertion, DesJardins (2006, p. 5) describes values as the Ã¢â¬Å"essential and enduring tenetsÃ¢â¬